So you want to know about Islam? Let’s start with the basics. Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, with over 1.6 billion followers worldwide. It’s considered one of the Abrahamic religions, and its followers are called Muslims.

Facts about Islam

Islam has a rich history and diverse culture, which you can learn more about in the articles below. But for now, let’s focus on some basic facts about the faith. Muslims believe in one God, Allah, and His last Prophet Muhammad. They also believe in the Quran, Islam’s holy book.

There are many misconceptions about Islam, so it’s essential to get your information from reliable sources. Here are a few articles to help you get started:

Overview of the Islamic Religion

Islam is one of the world’s most significant religions, with over 1.6 billion followers worldwide. It’s considered one of the Abrahamic religions, including Judaism and Christianity.

Islam’s rich history and culture date back to the 7th century CE. The word “Islam” actually means “submission to God,” and the fundamental belief of Muslims is that there is only one God, Allah. Muslims follow the Quran, the religious text that contains guidance from Allah.

Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam has several rituals and customs that its followers follow. Some of these include prayer five times a day, fasting during Ramadan, and giving charity to needy people.

Sources of Islamic Beliefs and Practices

There are two primary sources of Islamic beliefs and practices: the Quran and the Sunnah.

The Quran is the religious book of Islam, which Muslims believe was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by God. It contains guidance on all aspects of life, from spiritual and moral guidance to practical issues such as hygiene and financial management.

The Sunnah is the body of practices and teachings derived from the life of the Prophet Muhammad. It guides how to live one’s life following Islam. The Sunnah is also a source of law in Islam, second only to the Quran.

Special Holidays Celebrated in the Muslim World

One of the most extraordinary things about Islam is how it celebrates different holidays throughout the year. Here are a few of the most significant:


It is the holy month of fasting, where Muslims worldwide refrain from food and drink from dawn until sunset. It’s a time of reflection and spiritual growth and is celebrated by Muslims all over the world.

Eid ul-Fitr

This holiday marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated with prayer, gift-giving, and family gatherings. It’s a time of joy and celebration and is one of the most influential holidays in the Muslim calendar.

Eid ul-Adha

It is the festival of sacrifice, commemorated by Muslims to remember Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah. It’s a time of prayer and family gatherings and marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.


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Who Are the Major Figures in Islam?

In Islam, several significant figures exist – namely, the Prophet Muhammad and the four Rightly Trained Caliphs.

Muhammad is viewed as the messenger of God and was born in Mecca in 570 CE. He devoted his life to teaching and living according to the revelations of Allah, which he wrote down in the Quran. He left behind instructions that constitute the foundation of Islamic practices and beliefs.

The four Rightly Guided Caliphs were Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan, and Ali ibn Abi Talib. These four individuals succeeded Muhammad and are referred to as “the rightly guided” due to their purity and commitment to strict adherence to Islamic principles. These caliphs have had a substantial influence on followers of Islam throughout history as well as today.

The Five Pillars of Islam and Their Significance

You’ve probably heard of the Five Pillars of Islam—but do you know what each pillar means? These five practices make up the backbone of Islamic life. They are:

Facts about Islam

  • Shahadah states, “There is no God except Allah Almighty and Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah.”
  • Salat, which requires the performance of five daily prayers.
  • Zakat, or charity. It involves giving a certain percentage of one’s income to those in need.
  • Sawm, or fasting during Ramadan, is the Muslim holy month.
  • Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime if a person can afford it financially and physically.

These Five Pillars of Islam serve as foundations for religion and guidance on how to live an ethical life. They remind us that prayer and charity are essential components of being Muslim and that our relationship with Allah does not end when we leave our homes or mosques —it should guide us all day, every day.

Differences Between Sunni and Shia Muslims

Did you know there are two major branches of Islam – Sunni and Shia? Generally speaking, the split between the two branches goes back to a dispute about who should be the successor to Prophet Muhammad.

Sunnis believe in following the teachings of the Quran and Prophet Muhammad’s example and accept any willing leader of their community. On the other hand, Shia Muslims recognize only those leaders descended from Muhammad’s daughter Fatima and her husband Ali, who they consider divinely appointed.

Another difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims is the practice of politics. It is a Shi’a system of government where an Imam was believed to have been appointed by God as a political leader. In contrast, Sunnis believe that political authority should be decided by consultation among people rather than from an authoritative figure.

Overall, both Sunni and Shia Muslims share a common belief in Islam and its primary sources from Prophet Muhammad’s teachings and actions. However, they have different interpretations of certain aspects of Islam.

Islamic Art and Architecture

Did you know that Islamic art and architecture are apparent worldwide? Islamic art is inspired by nature and based on the principle that all things come from God. This art style often includes intricate geometric patterns and calligraphy with religious texts.

One of the most iconic examples of Islamic architecture is The Taj Mahal in India. Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in remembrance of his missis, Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal is a stunning example of the skill and beauty of Islamic art and architecture.

Islamic architecture has been shaped by its culture and religion, from mosques to palaces. This design style is characterized by geometric forms, domes, arcades, and elaborate decorations with intricate carvings, mosaics, and calligraphy. This design pays homage to nature’s beauty and religious texts like the Quran.

Fashion, Diet, Music, and Cinema

Since its beginning, Islamic fashion has been an integral part of Muslim culture. Muslims around the world wear loose-fitting traditional clothing called hijab. In addition to the hijab, modest clothing such as long-sleeved shirts and long skirts is encouraged for both men and women. Muslims also keep their appearance fair and appropriate for the occasion.

Islamic dietary laws, called Halal food, are based on judgments of what is considered permissible in Islam. It includes not eating pork or other forbidden meats but also extends to ensuring certain animals are slaughtered humanely, or that food is not exposed to different foods considered impure.

Music has also had a significant role in Islamic culture, with vocal and instrumental music being an essential part of traditional celebrations for centuries. Traditional Islamic music often draws from regional folk music but can also include more modern musical styles. The most common musical instruments are drums and stringed instruments like the lute and violin.

Cinema is a relatively new art form in Islam. Still, it has recently become quite popular in Muslim countries due to its ability to effectively tell stories about Islam’s values and beliefs through film. Movies about controversial topics such as gender roles or divorce have stirred up controversy among some religious groups but have still been embraced by many others.

The Origin of the Hijab

The hijab is a modest dress worn by some Muslim women and has become a symbol of their faith. But do you know the origin of this head covering?

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The hijab is mentioned in the Quran when Allah commands women to guard their modesty, but the concept of the veil itself has a much earlier origin. The earliest spoken references to veiling as an outer garment are from pre-Islamic Arabia, where it was a sign of nobility and wealth.

Today, there are multiple interpretations of what it means to wear the hijab. Most agree that it should cover the head and chest, but opinions may differ on how much skin should be visible below the neck or other body parts. Some women wear loose clothing that does not require wearing a traditional hijab but still covers their bodies following Islamic teachings.

Each woman chooses how they want to dress according to their interpretation of Islam, culture, and personal style.

Contributions of Islamic Science

Did you know that Islam has contributed to several scientific discoveries? Islamic scientists have made significant contributions to mathematics, physics, and medicine.

In the 8th century, Islamic scholar Al-Khwarizmi developed the first algebraic system. In the 10th century, Ibn Sina wrote about anatomy and developed a pharmacological system. In the 11th century, Ibn Rushd wrote on optics and contributed to astronomy.

The advances of Islamic scientists helped pave the way for later scientists like Galileo and Newton. They also advanced practical applications such as irrigation systems, water clocks, and improved navigation tools for sailors. And not only that—their work was a significant source of inspiration for European scientists during the Renaissance.

Significance of Jihad in Islam

Jihad is an essential concept in Islam. It translates to “struggle” or “exertion.” It often refers to striving for a more just and moral society and the willingness to defend that society from aggression.

Jihad does not always mean violence – it is often interpreted as a personal struggle for self-improvement and the betterment of one’s character. This type of Jihad is known as ‘greater jihad,’ as opposed to the ‘lesser jihad,’ which involves physical fighting in defense of justice or faith. Both types of Jihad are considered equally important in Islam.

It is also important to note that Jihad can be used in non-violent ways, such as peaceful protest and building solid relationships with people from different faiths and backgrounds to promote mutual understanding. Ultimately, the intention behind any action should be directed toward making a positive difference in the world.


In conclusion, Islam is a peaceful religion that is often misunderstood. There are many facts about Islam that people do not know, and it is essential to learn about them to understand the religion better



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