Surah Tariq in Quran discusses the importance of belief in Allah and the consequences of actions in the afterlife.

The 17-verse Quranic chapter Surah Tariq is the 86th. “Tariq” means “night star” or “dawn star” in Arabic.  Belief in Allah and Judgment are stressed throughout the surah. It emphasizes Allah’s strength and individual responsibility. It also warns of the consequences for denying Allah and disobeying Him. Surah Tariq also describes human creation from a drop of semen to a fully formed creature and reminds us that all souls will either go to heaven or hell.

Summary of the Surah

Surah Tariq comprises 17 verses. “Tariq” signifies morning star or night guest in Arabic. The Prophet Muhammad received the Quran in Mecca during his early expedition against the city’s polytheists.

The Surah Tariq is summarized as follows:

Verse 1-4:

Allah makes reference to the rising star in these verses when he swears by the “night visitor.” According to Allah, this star is a symbol of His strength, and it is the responsibility of everyone to turn to Him for protection against evil.

Verse 5-7:

These verses highlight that Allah is the Creator of all things while outlining the process of creation. According to the scriptures, Allah made everything in pairs and is able to raise the dead.

Verse 8-10:

Allah warns the Meccans that they will be judged on the Day of Judgment. Allah warns them that He will question their actions and reveal all.

Verse 11-12:

The fate of the unbelievers who reject Allah and His messenger is described in these passages. They will be fed bitter food and thrown into a raging fire.

Verse 13-14:

Allah tells the faithful in these passages that their main objective should be to please Him. Allah informs them that in the Hereafter, people who obey Him and carry out good actions will be rewarded with gardens and rivers.

Verse 15-17:

By reminding the believers that the Quran is a reminder for them, these verses bring the Surah to a close. Allah commands people to reflect on the Quran and seek direction from it.

The need to find shelter in Allah and His strength and sovereignty are both emphasized in Surah Tariq. Moreover, it emphasizes the responsibility of individuals for their conduct as well as the repercussions of disbelieving in Allah and His prophet. The Surah exhorts believers to try to please Allah and to consult the Quran for guidance.

Translation of the Surah

Surah Tariq is the 86th chapter of the Quran, consisting of 17 verses. Here’s the translation of Surah Tariq in English:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

By the sky and the night comer –

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

And what can make you know what the night comer is?

النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

It is the piercing star –

إِنْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

There is no soul, but it has over it a protector.

فَلْيَنْظُرِ الْإِنسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

So let the man see from what he is created.

خُلِقَ مِن مَّاءٍ دَّافِقٍ

He is created from water gushing forth,

يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

Emerging from between the backbone and the ribs.

إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

Indeed, Allah, to return him [to life], is Able.

يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

On the Day when secrets will be exposed,

فَمَا لَهُ مِن قُوَّةٍ وَلَا نَاصِرٍ

He will have no power or any helper.

وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

By the sky which returns [rain]

وَالْأَرْضِ ذَاتِ الصَّدْعِ

And [by] the earth which cracks open,

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلٌ فَصْلٌ

Indeed, it is a decisive statement,

وَمَا هُوَ بِالْهَزْلِ

And it is not amusement.

إِنَّهُمْ يَكِيدُونَ كَيْدًا

Indeed, they are planning a plan,

وَأَكِيدُ كَيْدًا

But I am planning a plan.

فَمَهِّلِ الْكَافِرِينَ أَمْهِلْهُمْ رُوَيْدًا

So allow time for the disbelievers. Leave them awhile.


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Explanation of the Surah

Here is a detailed explanation of Surah Tariq, including its context, theme, and significance.

Context of Revelation

The Surah Tariq was revealed when the Prophet (PBUH) was preaching to Makkah. Makkah’s inhabitants persecuted and tortured the Prophet (PBUH) and his disciples. Surah Tariq reminded the Prophet (PBUH) and his followers of Allah’s sovereignty and grandeur, strengthening them.

Theme and Message

Surah Tariq emphasizes Allah’s might and authority as the Creator of all things. The Surah opens with the oath of Tariq, a nighttime star, and its brilliance and intensity. The Quran then describes how Allah structured and organized the cosmos.

The Surah stresses accountability and the Day of Judgment, reminding individuals of their conduct in this life. It reminds people who reject Allah’s word that they will pay for their sins in the Afterlife.

The Quran also emphasizes Allah’s benevolence and forgiveness for repentant sinners. It reminds people that Allah is the source of all benefits and urges them to seek His guidance and protection.

Structure and Linguistic Features

The 17-verse Surah Tariq uses rhetorical questions, analogies, and strong imagery. After Tariq’s swearing, the Quran describes its brilliance and intensity, highlighting Allah’s strength and grandeur. The Quran then describes how Allah arranged and organized the cosmos, highlighting His wisdom and intelligence.

“Does man believe that We shall not construct his bones?” the Quran asks rhetorically. (verse 8), warning them of the Day of Judgment and their culpability. “Certainly, Hell waits in wait” (verse 12) emphasizes the severity of the consequences of denial.

Significance and Lessons

Surah Tariq emphasizes Allah’s might and the need to seek His guidance and protection. It stresses accountability and the Day of Judgment, reminding individuals of their acts in this life. The Quran also emphasizes Allah’s benevolence and forgiveness for repentant sinners. It reminds people that Allah is the source of all benefits and urges them to seek His guidance and protection.

Surah Tariq reminds us that Allah rules the universe and all its creatures and that we can only find serenity in this life and the next by submitting to Him. It reminds us that our life’s purpose is to please Allah and gain His reward. The Quran emphasizes humility and appreciation to Allah, who has given us everything. It urges us to appreciate Allah’s bounties and use them to honor Him.

Why is Surah Tariq Important?

Surah Tariq is an important chapter in the Quran for several reasons. It reminds believers of their accountability and the importance of striving toward righteousness. It also emphasizes the power of Allah and the certainty of judgment. 

The surah encourages believers to reflect on the creation of the universe and the marvels within it. Additionally, it serves as a reminder of the Prophet’s mission and his role as a guide for humanity. Overall, Surah Tariq is a powerful and inspiring chapter that offers guidance and motivation to believers.


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